Nepal is divided into 14 administrative zones (Nepali: अञ्चल; anchal) and 75 districts (Nepali: जिल्ला; jillā). The 14 administrative zones are grouped into five development regions (Nepali: विकास क्षेत्र; vikās kṣetra). Each district is headed by a chief district officer (CDO) and is responsible for maintaining law and order and coordinating the work of field agencies of the various government ministries.


From east to west:

Eastern Development Region:

  • Mechi Zone, named for the Mechi River
  • Kosi Zone, named for the Kosi River
  • Sagarmatha Zone, named for Sagarmatha (Mount Everest)

Central Development Region:

  • Janakpur Zone, named for its capital city
  • Bagmati Zone, named for the Bagmati River
  • Narayani Zone, named for the Narayani (lower Gandaki) River

Western Development Region:

  • Gandaki Zone, named for the Gandaki River
  • Lumbini Zone, named for Lumbini, a pilgrimage site, birthplace of Gautama Buddha
  • Dhawalagiri Zone, named for Dhaulagiri mountain

Mid-Western Development Region:

  • Rapti Zone, named for the West Rapti River
  • Karnali Zone, named for the Karnali River
  • Bheri Zone, named for the Bheri River

Far-Western Development Region:

  • Seti Zone, named for the Seti River
  • Mahakali Zone, named for the Mahakali River